If you Google “Gir Forest National Park” you’ll probably see the above image in the upper-right of the search results. That’s because Gir, located in India just off the Arabian Sea (here’s a map), is the home of the Asiatic lion, an endangered species. There are only about 500 or so Asiatic lions left in the world and all of them, except for those who live in zoos or the like, live at Gir Forest National Park. As one would expect, people are restricted from visiting the area (both to protect the lions from the people and to protect people from the lions), but the area isn’t entirely unpopulated. There’s a Hindu temple called Kankai situated toward the middle of the preserve. As of 2014, Kankai had one resident, a full-time caretaker named Guru Bharatdas Darshandas.
Darshandas, pictured above, is isolated. As the BBC reported, “in the temple, there is no electricity, barring a few flickering bulbs powered by an ailing solar panel. There is no TV, no phone. His only link to the world, Mr. Darshandas tells us, is through Hindi news on BBC shortwave radio.” His roommates are snakes and mosquitos; his neighbors are the aforementioned lions. As of 2009, there was a cook, guard, and priest who also regularly come to the temple, but none live there full-time. The nearest village is a two-hour drive away.
And this is a problem — not for Darshandas, but for the Election Commission of India.
Darshandas is the only official resident in the area, and, similarly, the only person in his voting district who is eligible to vote. In other areas, you’d expect someone in Darshandas’s situation to either obtain some sort of absentee/vote-by-mail ballot or perhaps drive two hours to that nearby village in order to cast his vote. But that’s not okay per Indian standards. As ABP News reported, the Commission’s rules mandate that “no voter should ‘ordinarily travel more than 2km to reach the booth.’”
So the ballot box has to come to Darshandas — even though there are many more lions in the area than voters, by about a 500 to 1 ratio.
A government representative named Alok Kumar Pandey explained the process to ABP: “Around four-five polling officials will travel to Banej on April 29  night carrying with them the polling material, including the Electronic Voting Machine. They will be accompanied by forest guards. On April 30 they will set up the polling booth for the single vote.” That wasn’t the first time the portable polling both traveled to Darshandas’ location and so far, the lions have not been a problem, Pandey continued: “[As of 2014], there has been no incident of any wild animals attacking the polling team.”
So, Darshandas gets to vote. But as he told the BBC, it comes with a downside: as he’s the only person to use the ballot machine in his area, everyone knows who he supported.
From the Archives: Swing Vote: When one vote really, really mattered. Really.