You may have notice that hotels have the same oil painting in each room. Or that you can get a replica Starry Night or Mona Lisa (like the one above) for roughly the price of a high-end Kindle. If you think that the oil painting reproduction game is a cottage industry, you’re almost correct: it’s a village industry. In this case, it’s the village of Dafen, China. Founded in the mid-1990s by a businessman and about twenty artists, Dafen is now home to 5,000 artists — who, collectively, churn out over 5 million paintings a year. That’s more than half of the oil paintings produced in the entire world each year.
Most of the artwork is entirely legal, at least under Chinese law. Works fall out of copyright protection after fifty years, so the non-original work such as the two featured above are free and clear. And while they can retail for hundreds of dollars in the United States, the artwork — which quite literally on every street corner in Dafen — goes for about $40 for even the most sought-after works in the area.
The quality of the work? It’s very good. Not perfect, of course, but these are made by artists, not mere painters. All of the (re-)creators are trained at art academies; to the extent that the quality suffers, it is because they are expected to produce dozens of replicas weekly (per Wikipedia).
From the Archives: Tiny Sculptures You Can Write With: Art carved into the tips of pencils, all by one sculptor.
Related: “The Oil Painting Course You’Ve Always Wanted: Guided Lessons for Beginners and Experienced Artists” by Kathleen Lochen Staiger. 4.5 stars on 31 reviews.